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Childhood Body Composition Trajectories and Adolescent Lung Function. Findings from the ALSPAC study.

Peralta, Gabriela P and Fuertes, Elaine and Granell, Raquel and Mahmoud, Osama and Roda, Célina and Serra, Ignasi and Jarvis, Deborah and Henderson, John and Garcia-Aymerich, Judith (2019) 'Childhood Body Composition Trajectories and Adolescent Lung Function. Findings from the ALSPAC study.' American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 200 (1). 75 - 83. ISSN 1073-449X

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Abstract

Rationale: Body composition changes throughout life may explain the inconsistent associations reported between body mass index and lung function in children. Objectives: To assess the associations of body weight and composition trajectories from 7 to 15 years with lung function at 15 years and lung function growth between 8 and 15 years. Methods: Sex-specific body mass index, lean body mass index, and fat mass index trajectories were developed using Group-Based Trajectory Modeling on data collected at least twice between 7 and 15 years from 6,964 children (49% boys) in the UK Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children birth cohort. Associations of these trajectories with post-bronchodilation lung function parameters at 15 years and with lung function growth rates from 8 to 15 years were assessed using multivariable linear regression models, stratified by sex, in a subgroup with lung function data (n = 3,575). Measurements and Main Results: For all body mass measures we identified parallel trajectories that increased with age. There was no consistent evidence of an association between the body mass index trajectories and lung function measures. Higher lean body mass index trajectories were associated with higher levels and growth rates of FVC, FEV₁, and forced expiratory flow, midexpiratory phase in both sexes (e.g., boys in the highest lean body mass index trajectory had on average a 0.62 L [95% confidence interval, 0.44-0.79; P trend < 0.0001] higher FVC at 15 yr than boys in the lowest trajectory). Increasing fat mass index trajectories were associated with lower levels and growth rates of FEV₁ and forced expiratory flow, midexpiratory phase only in boys and lower levels of FEV₁/FVC in both sexes. Conclusions: Higher lean body mass during childhood and adolescence is consistently associated with higher lung function at 15 years in both sexes, whereas higher fat mass is associated with lower levels of only some lung function parameters.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lung, Adipose Tissue, Humans, Vital Capacity, Maximal Midexpiratory Flow Rate, Forced Expiratory Volume, Body Mass Index, Multivariate Analysis, Linear Models, Longitudinal Studies, Body Composition, Adolescent, Child, Female, Male, United Kingdom, Body-Weight Trajectory
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Mathematical Sciences, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2021 12:38
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2021 13:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/29510

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