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Surprised-curious-confused: Epistemic emotions and knowledge exploration.

Vogl, Elisabeth and Pekrun, Reinhard and Murayama, Kou and Loderer, Kristina (2020) 'Surprised-curious-confused: Epistemic emotions and knowledge exploration.' Emotion, 20 (4). pp. 625-641. ISSN 1528-3542

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Abstract

Some epistemic emotions, such as surprise and curiosity, have attracted increasing scientific attention, whereas others, such as confusion, have yet to receive the attention they deserve. In addition, little is known about the relations between these emotions, their joint antecedents and outcomes, and how they differ from other emotions prompted during learning and knowledge generation (e.g., achievement emotions). In 3 studies (Ns = 102, 373, 125) using a trivia task with immediate feedback, we examined within-person interrelations, antecedents, and effects of 3 epistemic emotions (surprise, curiosity, and confusion). Studies 2 and 3 additionally included 2 achievement emotions (pride and shame). Using multilevel modeling to disentangle within- and between-person variance, we found that achievement emotions were associated with accuracy (i.e., correctness of the answer), whereas epistemic emotions were related to high-confidence errors (i.e., incorrect answers a person was confident in) generating cognitive incongruity. Furthermore, as compared with achievement emotions, epistemic emotions were more strongly and positively related to subsequent knowledge exploration. Specifically, surprise and curiosity were positive predictors of exploration. Confusion had positive predictive effects on exploration which were significant in Studies 1 and 3 but not in Study 2, suggesting that the effects of confusion are less stable and need to be investigated further. Apart from the findings for confusion, the results were fully robust across all 3 studies. They shed light on the distinct origins and outcomes of epistemic emotions. Directions for future research and practical implications are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Confusion; Exploratory Behavior; Emotions; Knowledge; Adult; Female; Male; Young Adult
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2021 20:02
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 14:07
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/29728

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