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Centrality of Religiosity, Schizotypy, and Human Values: The Impact of Religious Affiliation

Hanel, Paul HP and Demmrich, Sarah and Wolfradt, Uwe (2019) 'Centrality of Religiosity, Schizotypy, and Human Values: The Impact of Religious Affiliation.' Religions, 10 (5). ISSN 2077-1444

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Abstract

Previous research has established a reliable link between religiosity and schizotypy as well as schizophrenia. However, past research mainly measured religiosity as a one-dimensional construct. In the present research (N = 189), we aimed to get a better understanding of the religiosity–schizotypy link by measuring religiosity using Huber’s five-dimensional model of Centrality of Religiosity, while also testing for curvilinear relations and potential moderators. We found negative small-to-medium-sized correlations between all five dimensions of religiosity and the schizotypy dimension of impulsive nonconformity, but no reliable associations with the other three dimensions of schizotypy: unusual experiences, cognitive disorganization, and introverted anhedonia. Some of these associations were moderated by religious affiliation: Religiosity and schizotypy correlated positively among non-members, but negatively among members of religious communities, suggesting that affiliation has a positive impact on the well-being of religious people. In line with Huber’s predictions, we found a reversed U-shape association between the religious dimension of private religious practice and schizotypy. Unexpectedly, however, conformity and tradition values did not moderate the relations between religiosity and schizotypy. We discuss our findings in terms of person–environment fit, the prevention hypothesis of the schizotypy-religiosity link, and offer implications for mental health practitioners.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: religiosity; schizotypy; human values; religious affiliation
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2021 21:28
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2021 22:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/29783

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