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The Perception of Family, City, and Country Values Is Often Biased

Hanel, Paul HP and Wolfradt, Uwe and Lins de Holanda Coelho, Gabriel and Wolf, Lukas J and Vilar, Roosevelt and Monteiro, Renan Pereira and Gouveia, Valdiney V and Crompton, Tom and Maio, Gregory R (2018) 'The Perception of Family, City, and Country Values Is Often Biased.' Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 49 (5). pp. 831-850. ISSN 0022-0221

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People often make inferences about the values of other people in their families, cities, and countries, but there are reasons to expect systematic biases in these inferences. Across four studies ( N = 1,763), we examined people’s perceptions of the values of their families, fellow citizens of the cities in which they live, and compatriots across three nations (Brazil, Germany, the United Kingdom). Our results show that people systematically misperceive comparison groups’ values. People underestimate the importance that their compatriots ascribe to more important values and overestimate the importance of less important values. This occurs in comparison with their own values, the actual values of the people living in the same city and the actual values of their compatriots. The effect sizes were medium to large. Furthermore, the results occurred independently of participants’ culture, time spent in the culture, and the underlying value model used. These results consistently show that people’s speculations about values in their community and society are biased in a self- and family favoring direction. In addition, we found that the structure of values (e.g., as proposed by Schwartz) holds for perceived family, fellow citizens of the cities in which they live, and compatriots’ values. Overall, our findings suggest that the values of other people are more selfless than is often believed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: values, compatriots’ values, perceived values, sojourners
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2021 17:51
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 14:06

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