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Security in Brain-Computer Interfaces: State-of-the-Art, Opportunities, and Future Challenges

Bernal, Sergio López and Celdrán, Alberto Huertas and Pérez, Gregorio Martínez and Barros, Michael Taynnan and Balasubramaniam, Sasitharan (2021) 'Security in Brain-Computer Interfaces: State-of-the-Art, Opportunities, and Future Challenges.' ACM Computing Surveys, 54 (1). pp. 1-35. ISSN 0360-0300

1908.03536.pdf - Accepted Version

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Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs) have significantly improved the patients’ quality of life by restoring damaged hearing, sight, and movement capabilities. After evolving their application scenarios, the current trend of BCI is to enable new innovative brain-to-brain and brain-to-the-Internet communication paradigms. This technological advancement generates opportunities for attackers, since users’ personal information and physical integrity could be under tremendous risk. This work presents the existing versions of the BCI life-cycle and homogenizes them in a new approach that overcomes current limitations. After that, we offer a qualitative characterization of the security attacks affecting each phase of the BCI cycle to analyze their impacts and countermeasures documented in the literature. Finally, we reflect on lessons learned, highlighting research trends and future challenges concerning security on BCIs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Brain-computer interfaces; BCI; cybersecurity; privacy; safety
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2021 12:27
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 01:36

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