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Attention Drifting in and out: The Boredom Feedback Model

Tam, Katy and Van Tilburg, Wijnand and Chan, Christian and Igou, Eric and Lau, Hakwan (2021) 'Attention Drifting in and out: The Boredom Feedback Model.' Personality and Social Psychology Review, 25 (3). pp. 251-272. ISSN 1088-8683

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We synthesize established and emerging research to propose a feedback process model that explicates key antecedents, experiences, and consequences of the emotion boredom. The proposed Boredom Feedback Model posits that the dynamic process of boredom resembles a feedback loop that centers on attention-shifts instigated by inadequate attentional engagement. Inadequate attentional engagement is a discrepancy between desired and actual levels of attentional engagement and is a product of external and internal influences, reflected in objective resources and cognitive appraisals. The model sheds light on several essential yet unresolved puzzles in the literature, including how people learn to cope with boredom, how to understand the relation between self-control and boredom, how the roles of attention and meaning in boredom can be integrated, why boredom is associated with both high and low-arousal negative emotions, and what contributes to chronic boredom. The model offers testable hypotheses for future research.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Boredom; Emotion; Attention; Boredom proneness; Self-regulation
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2021 16:16
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2022 14:12

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