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Who Prioritizes the Economy over Health? The Role of Political Orientation and Human Values

Coelho, Gabriel LH and Hanel, Paul HP and Vilar, Roosevelt and Monteiro, Renan P and Cardoso, Fadja JV and Gouveia, Valdiney V (2021) 'Who Prioritizes the Economy over Health? The Role of Political Orientation and Human Values.' Personality and Individual Differences, 179. ISSN 0191-8869

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Abstract

One of the main challenges governments faced during the Covid-19 pandemic was to balance economic considerations with protecting the health of people (i.e., economic vs humanitarian motives). In the present study (N= 296), we investigated whether human values, political orientation, and fear of Covid-19 predicted economic and humanitarian motives. We found that people holding self-enhancement and normative values, had lower levels of Covid-19 fear, and were more right-leaning in terms of their political orientation, tended to prioritize the economy. In contrast, people valuing normative values less, interactive values more, reported higher levels of Covid-19 related fear, and were more left-leaning, tended to prioritize the health of people. Importantly, values explained variance above and beyond political orientation and fear of Covid-19. Together, our findings highlight the importance of values in decision making.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Human Values; Humanitarian Motives; Economic Motives; COVID-19; Political Orientation; Fear of Covid-19; Decision Making
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2021 13:49
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2021 14:39
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/30117

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