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Automation, AI and the Future of Work in India

Hammer, Anita and Karmakar, Suparna (2021) 'Automation, AI and the Future of Work in India.' Employee Relations: The International Journal. ISSN 0142-5455

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Abstract

This research contributes to current debates on automation and the future of work, a much-hyped but under researched area, in emerging economies through a particular focus on India. It assesses the national strategy on Artificial Intelligence and explores the impact of automation on the Indian labour market, work and employment to inform policy. The study shows that technology is not free from the wider dynamics that surround the world of work. The adoption of new technologies is likely to occur in niches in the manufacturing and services sectors, while its impact on employment and the labour market more broadly, and in addressing societal inequalities will be limited. The national strategy, however, does not take into account the nature of capital accumulation and structural inequalities that stem from a large informal economy and surplus labour context with limited upskilling opportunities. This raises doubts about the effectiveness of the current policy. This study is the first to examine the impact of automation on work and employment in India. It provides a critical intervention in current debates on future of work from the point of view of an important emerging economy defined by labour surplus and a large informal economy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Automation, Informality, Employment, Labour, Policy, Precarity, Skills, Work
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2021 08:52
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2021 15:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/30219

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