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Noncontact knee ligament injury prevention screening in netball: A clinical commentary with clinical practice suggestions for community-level players

Clark, Nicholas (2021) 'Noncontact knee ligament injury prevention screening in netball: A clinical commentary with clinical practice suggestions for community-level players.' International Journal of sports Physical Therapy, 16 (3). 911 - 929. ISSN 2159-2896

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Abstract

Netball is a predominantly female team court-sport which is played worldwide. Netball is becoming more popular in the United States following its countrywide introduction to schools and community centers. A unique characteristic of netball is the footwork rule which restricts players to a one-step landing after catching the ball. Most netball landings are single-leg landings resulting in high vertical ground reaction forces and high skeletal tissue forces. Thus, high-risk landing events that have the biomechanical potential for injury occur frequently. Noncontact knee ligament injuries are common following a knee abduction collapse when landing. Because the consequences of noncontact knee ligament injury are profound, strategies are needed to mitigate the burden of such injury for players, teams, and society. The purpose of this clinical commentary is to demonstrate how theoretical principles, different types of research, and different levels of evidence underpin a rational clinical reasoning process for developing noncontact knee ligament injury prevention screening procedures in netball. The selection of procedures suggested by the author have not yet been fully evaluated in a prospective research study, but may aid in the prevention of noncontact knee ligament injuries sustained by netball players. The theoretical principles that are discussed include injury control, the sequence of prevention, principles of screening in injury prevention, the multifactorial model of injury etiology, complex systems theory, and systems science. The different types of research that are reviewed include descriptive and analytic-observational studies. The different levels of evidence that are discussed include prospective studies, cross-sectional studies, and clinicians’ own kinesiological modelling. Subsequently, an integrated approach to the evidence-informed development of noncontact knee ligament injury prevention screening procedures is presented. Clinical practice suggestions include a selection of evidence-informed screening procedures that are quickly and easily implemented with netball players in local communities. The need for repeated screening at strategic timepoints across a season/year is explained. Sports physical therapists will find this commentary useful as an example for how to undertake clinical reasoning processes that justify the content of screening procedures contributing to noncontact knee ligament injury prevention in community-level netball.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Injury prevention, Knee, Ligament, Netball, Screening
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2021 10:08
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2021 10:08
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/30348

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