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Empathic accuracy in adolescent girls with Turner Syndrome

Klabunde, Megan and Piccirilli, Aaron and Bruno, Jennifer and Gendron, Maria and Reiss, Allan L (2021) 'Empathic accuracy in adolescent girls with Turner Syndrome.' Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. ISSN 0162-3257

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Abstract

Objective: Girls and women with Turner Syndrome (TS) demonstrate social challenges and difficulties identifying negative emotions, specifically fear. Previous studies suggest that social deficits in TS could be associated with theory of mind (TOM) difficulties or visual-spatial processing abnormalities. To further examine the potential mechanisms underlying social deficits in TS, we administered the empathic accuracy task, a naturalistic social cognition task. Method: The performance of 14 girls with TS was compared to 12 age-matched typically developing girls (ages 12 to 17) on an empathic accuracy task and a (control) visual-motor line-tracking task. Empathic accuracy was compared across positive and negative emotionally valanced videos. Results: We found that girls with TS differ from typically developing girls on empathic accuracy ratings for negative videos; no differences were detected for the positive videos. No between group differences were found on the control line tracking task. Conclusion: Our findings expand upon the previously detected affect recognition problems in TS to also include impaired detection of negatively valanced empathic interactions. Such difficulties for girls with TS could contribute to their social deficits and anxiety. Results from this study provide important information about gene-body-brain interactions and their influence on emotion processing and empathic accuracy during adolescence.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Turner syndrome, Empathy, Theory of mind, Social cognition and neurogenetic disorders
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2021 10:01
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2021 10:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/30547

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