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Smooth non-negative sparse representation for face and handwritten recognition

Ghaffari, Aboozar and Kafaee, Mahdi and Abolghasemi, Vahid (2021) 'Smooth non-negative sparse representation for face and handwritten recognition.' Applied Soft Computing. ISSN 1568-4946

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Abstract

In sparse representation problem, there is always interest to reduce the solution space by introducing additional constraints. This can lead to efficient application-specific algorithms. Despite known advantages of sparsity and non-negativity for image data representation, limited studies have addressed these characteristics simultaneously, due to the challenges involved. In this paper, we propose a novel inexpensive sparse non-negative reconstruction method. We utilise a non-negativity penalty term within a convex function while imposing sparsity at the same time. Our method, termed as SnSA (smooth non-negative sparse approximation) applies a novel thresholding strategy on the sparse coefficients during the minimisation of the proposed convex function. The main advantage of SnSA algorithm is that hard zeroing the negative samples which leads to unstable and non-optimal sparse solution is avoided. Instead, a differentiable smoothing function is proposed that allows gradual suppression of negative samples leading to a sparse non-negative solution. This way, the algorithm is driven toward a solution with a balance in maximising the sparsity and minimising the reconstruction error. Our numerical and experimental results on both synthetic signals and well-established face and handwritten image databases, indicate higher classification performance of the proposed method compared to the state-of-the-art techniques.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Non-negative sparse representation, Gradient descent, Smoothing function, Face recognition, Handwritten recognition
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2021 15:03
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2021 15:03
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/30777

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