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Evolutionary games, climate and the generation of diversity.

Friedman, Daniel and Magnani, Jacopo and Paranjpe, Dhanashree and Sinervo, Barry (2017) 'Evolutionary games, climate and the generation of diversity.' PLoS One, 12 (8). e0184052-e0184052. ISSN 1932-6203

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Environmental stochasticity and climate affect outcomes in evolutionary games, which can thereby affect biological diversity. Our maximum likelihood (ML) estimates of replicator dynamics for morph frequency data from control (25 years) and three experimentally perturbed populations (14 years) of side-blotched lizards yield a 3 × 3 payoff matrix in the generalized Rock-Paper-Scissors family; it has intransitive best replies, and each strategy is its own worst reply. ML estimates indicate significant interactive effects of density and temperature on morph frequency. Implied dynamics feature a powerful interior attractor and recover (for the first time) observed 4-5 year oscillations. Our evolutionary experiment on morph frequency confirms that oscillations are driven by frequency dependent selection, but climate entrains the cycles across the perturbed and control populations within 10 generations. Applying the model across the species range, we find that climate also accounts for morph fixation and mating system diversity, suggesting climate may similarly impact ecosystem diversity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Animals; Likelihood Functions; Ecosystem; Climate; Population Dynamics; Game Theory; Models, Genetic; Biological Evolution
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Economics, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2021 07:44
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 14:16

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