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ResBCDU-Net: A Deep Learning Framework for Lung CT Image Segmentation

Jalali, Yeganeh and Fateh, Mansoor and Rezvani, Mohsen and Abolghasemi, Vahid and Anisi, Mohammad Hossein (2021) 'ResBCDU-Net: A Deep Learning Framework for Lung CT Image Segmentation.' Sensors, 21 (1). ISSN 1424-8220

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Abstract

Lung CT image segmentation is a key process in many applications such as lung cancer detection. It is considered a challenging problem due to existing similar image densities in the pulmonary structures, different types of scanners, and scanning protocols. Most of the current semi-automatic segmentation methods rely on human factors therefore it might suffer from lack of accuracy. Another shortcoming of these methods is their high false-positive rate. In recent years, several approaches, based on a deep learning framework, have been effectively applied in medical image segmentation. Among existing deep neural networks, the U-Net has provided great success in this field. In this paper, we propose a deep neural network architecture to perform an automatic lung CT image segmentation process. In the proposed method, several extensive preprocessing techniques are applied to raw CT images. Then, ground truths corresponding to these images are extracted via some morphological operations and manual reforms. Finally, all the prepared images with the corresponding ground truth are fed into a modified U-Net in which the encoder is replaced with a pre-trained ResNet-34 network (referred to as Res BCDU-Net). In the architecture, we employ BConvLSTM (Bidirectional Convolutional Long Short-term Memory)as an advanced integrator module instead of simple traditional concatenators. This is to merge the extracted feature maps of the corresponding contracting path into the previous expansion of the up-convolutional layer. Finally, a densely connected convolutional layer is utilized for the contracting path. The results of our extensive experiments on lung CT images (LIDC-IDRI database) confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method where a dice coefficient index of 97.31% is achieved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lung, Humans, Tomography, X-Ray Computed, Deep Learning, Neural Networks, Computer
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2021 09:57
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2021 10:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/31135

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