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Syllable Weakening in Kagoshima Japanese An Element-Based Analysis

Youngberg, Connor (2020) 'Syllable Weakening in Kagoshima Japanese An Element-Based Analysis.' In: Heinrich, Patrick and Pappalardo, Giuseppe, (eds.) European Approaches to Japanese Language and Linguistics. Ca’ Foscari Japanese Studies, Lingui (13). Edizioni Ca' Foscari, 31 - 45. ISBN 978-88-6969-428-8

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Abstract

This paper examines syllable weakening or nisshōka (入声化) in Kagoshima Japanese (KJ), where high vowel apocope feeds lenition, leading to correspondences such as Tōkyō Japanese (TJ) [kaki] ‘persimmon’ and Kagoshima [kaʔ]. The traditional pattern noted in the literature is quite clear. Apocope elides stem-final /u/ or /i/. The preceding onset is lenited in one of four ways: 1) stops and affricates are debuccalised (/kaki/ > [kaʔ] ‘persimmon’); 2) fricatives undergo voicing neutralisation (TJ [kazu] > KJ [kas] ‘number’); 3) nasals undergo place loss (TJ [kami] > KJ [kaɴ] ‘paper’); 4) rhotics undergo gliding (TJ [maru] > [maj] ‘round’). This paper presents an initial analysis of the data within Element Theory representational framework.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Japanese, Linguistics, Dialectology, Phonology
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Language and Linguistics, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2021 17:37
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2021 09:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/31340

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