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Using public datasets to understand the psychological correlates of smoking, alcohol consumption, and obesity: A country-level analysis

Hanel, Paul and da Silva, Sara MG and Inman, Richard A (2022) 'Using public datasets to understand the psychological correlates of smoking, alcohol consumption, and obesity: A country-level analysis.' Cross-Cultural Research, 56 (2-3). pp. 99-124. ISSN 1069-3971

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Abstract

In the present research, we investigate whether cultural value orientations (CVOs) and aggregate personality traits (Big-5) predict actual levels of alcohol consumption, smoking, and obesity across 50 countries using averages derived from millions of data points. Aggregate traits explained variance above and beyond CVOs in obesity (particularly neuroticism and extraversion), while CVOs explained variance beyond aggregate traits in alcohol consumption (particularly harmony and hierarchy). Smoking did not appear to be strongly linked to aggregated traits or CVOs. We conclude that an understanding of the cultural correlates of risky health behaviours may help inform important policies and interventions for meeting international sustainable development goals.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: public data; smoking; obesity; alcohol; health; personality traits; cultural value orientations
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2021 11:56
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2022 12:29
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/31419

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