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International female rugby union players' anthropometric and physical performance characteristics: A five-year longitudinal analysis by individual positional groups.

Woodhouse, Luke Nicholas and Tallent, Jamie and Patterson, Stephen David and Waldron, Mark (2022) 'International female rugby union players' anthropometric and physical performance characteristics: A five-year longitudinal analysis by individual positional groups.' Journal of Sports Sciences, 40 (4). pp. 370-378. ISSN 0264-0414

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Abstract

Longitudinal changes in anthropometric and physical performance characteristics of International female rugby union players were evaluated across 5-seasons, according to field position. Sixty-eight international female rugby union players from a top 2 ranked international team, undertook anthropometric and physical performance measurements across five seasons. Anthropometric and physical performance changes occurred, with skinfolds decreasing between 2015 and 2017 and body mass increasing between 2017 and 2019. Single-leg isometric squat (SL ISO), 0-10 m momentum (0-10 Mom) and 20-30 m momentum (20-30Mom) were higher in 2018 and 2019 than all years. Front-row players were characterised by greater SL ISO and 1-RM bench press than inside and outside backs, with higher skinfolds and lower endurance levels than all positions. Between 2017 and 2019, front-row players had larger decreases and increases in endurance and one repetition maximum (1-RM) bench press, respectively, compared to all other positions. Forwards had the highest 0-10Mom and 20-30Mom, and scrum-half the lowest, while outside backs had faster 0-10, 30-40, and 40 m (TT40 m) times, and greater peak velocity (Vmax) compared to forward positions. These longitudinal findings show that physical performance has increased, with anthropometric and performance characteristics becoming more distinctive between positions, among elite female rugby union players.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Women; physical fitness; power; speed; strength; team sport
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2021 13:52
Last Modified: 21 Mar 2022 10:47
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/31477

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