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Latin America Erupts: When Does Competitive Authoritarianism Take Root?

Velasco Guachalla, V Ximena and Hummel, Calla and Handlin, Sam and Smith, Amy Erica (2021) 'Latin America Erupts: When Does Competitive Authoritarianism Take Root?' Journal of Democracy, 32 (3). pp. 63-77. ISSN 1086-3214

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Abstract

Democratically elected as Bolivia’s first indigenous president in 2005, Evo Morales eroded democracy and began a transition to competitive authoritarianism in the 2010s. By November 2020, however, both Morales and his successor, the right-wing president Jeanine Áñez, had fallen after failing to consolidate authoritarian rule. Why do some aspiring authoritarians succeed while many fail? A comparison of Bolivia to Brazil and Venezuela illuminates the challenges of both eroding democracy and institutionalizing new competitive authoritarian regimes. Aspiring autocrats must mobilize and control civil society in both stages of autocratization—a challenge that led to the fall of both Morales and Áñez.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2021 15:13
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 14:33
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/31588

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