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Threat Perception, Policy Diffusion, and the Logic of Terrorist Group Designation

El Masri, Mirna and Phillips, Brian (2021) 'Threat Perception, Policy Diffusion, and the Logic of Terrorist Group Designation.' Studies in Conflict and Terrorism. pp. 1-24. ISSN 1057-610X

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Abstract

Many governments maintain lists of terrorist groups, imposing sanctions on designated organizations. However, the logic behind designation remains unclear. Furthermore, most studies focus on Western countries. This paper develops arguments for why attack attributes, group attributes, and policy diffusion might explain proscription. Empirically, we examine hundreds of militant organizations to see which are listed by the European Union, India, Pakistan, Russia, the United Kingdom, or the United States. Generally, designation does not seem to be driven by target or attack severity. It often results from diffusion: most countries follow the United States. Islamist group motivation is also an important factor.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Source info: Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 2021
Uncontrolled Keywords: terrorism; terrorist groups; proscription; diffusion
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2021 14:10
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2022 22:31
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/31657

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