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The relationship between job components, neighbourhood walkability and African academics' physical activity: a post-COVID-19 context.

Asiamah, Nestor and Opuni, Frank Frimpong and Muhonja, Faith and Danquah, Emelia and Agyemang, Simon Mawulorm and Agyemang, Irene and Omisore, Akinlolu and Mensah, Henry Kofi and Hatsu, Sylvester and Baffoe, Rita Sarkodie and Eku, Eric and Manu, Christiana Afriyie (2021) 'The relationship between job components, neighbourhood walkability and African academics' physical activity: a post-COVID-19 context.' Health Promotion International, 37 (2). daab090-. ISSN 0957-4824

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Abstract

Research to date suggests that physical activity (PA) among academics is insufficient globally. Academics in many African countries were recently required to resume work while observing social distancing protocols. Physical inactivity (PI) was, therefore, expected to increase in such academics. Interestingly, walkable neighbourhoods are resources that could discourage excessive sitting and PI in this situation. This study, therefore, assessed the moderating role of neighbourhood walkability in the relationship between core job components (i.e. on-site teaching, online teaching, research and student assessment) and PA among academics. The study adopted a cross-sectional design that utilized an online survey hosted by Google Forms to gather data. Participants were volunteer full-time academics in Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya and Tanzania. A total of 1064 surveys were analysed, with a sensitivity analysis utilized to select covariates for the ultimate hierarchical linear regression model. After controlling for the ultimate covariates (e.g. gender, education and income), PA was found to be positively associated with the job component 'research work' but negatively associated with student assessment. Neighbourhood walkability increased the positive relationship of research work with PA and reduced the negative relationship of student assessment with PA. The non-significant negative relationship between 'teaching online' and PA was made positively significant by neighbourhood walkability. We conclude that research as a job component is positively associated with PA, but online teaching is negatively associated with PA among African academics in a post-COVID-19 context.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: teaching; research; assessment; physical activity; neighbourhood walkability
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Health and Social Care, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2021 14:02
Last Modified: 13 May 2022 18:40
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/31710

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