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Oppositional culture revisited. Friendship dynamics and the creation of social capital among Turkish minority adolescents in Germany

Lorenz, Georg and Boda, Zsófia and Salikutluk, Zerrin (2021) 'Oppositional culture revisited. Friendship dynamics and the creation of social capital among Turkish minority adolescents in Germany.' Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 47 (17). pp. 3986-4005. ISSN 1369-183X

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Abstract

Ethnic differences in the endowment with social capital can exacerbate intergroup inequalities. Pursuing this argument, we first compare the educational compositions of friendship networks between Turkish minority and native majority adolescents in Germany. Second, we pick up notions from Oppositional Culture Theory (OCT) to examine how ethnic differences in the composition of friendship networks come about. In a sample of 2,419 students in 74 secondary schools, we focus on the effort, achievement, and anti-school behaviour of peers and the role these play in adolescents’ friendship selection. Results from multilevel stochastic actor-oriented models reveal that Turkish minority adolescents prefer highly engaged and high-achieving peers as friends. Despite these preferences, Turkish minority adolescents’ social networks still provide lower levels of social capital on aggregate than majority members’ networks. We attribute this to systematic variation in the opportunity structure. Our results speak against the existence of anti-school norms among Turkish minority youth. Still, our study supports the OCT’s notion that an ethnic group’s structural positioning within society can result in selective acculturation processes and distinct patterns of social embeddedness.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: social capital; social networks; oppositional culture theory; adolescence; SAOM; education
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Sociology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2021 09:56
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 14:33
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/31870

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