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Balancing Gender Bias in Job Advertisements with Text-Level Bias Mitigation

Hu, Shenggang and Alshehabi Al-Ani, Jabir and Hughes, Karen D and Denier, Nicole and Konnikov, Alla and Ding, Lei and Xie, Jinhan and Hu, Yang and Tarafdar, Monideepa and Jiang, Bei and Kong, Linglong and Dai, Hongsheng (2022) 'Balancing Gender Bias in Job Advertisements with Text-Level Bias Mitigation.' Frontiers in Big Data, 5. 805713-. ISSN 2624-909X

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Abstract

Despite progress towards gender equality in the labor market over the past few decades, gender segregation in labor force composition and labor market outcomes persists. Evidence has shown that job advertisements may express gender preferences, which may selectively attract potential job candidates to apply for a given post and thus reinforce gendered labor force composition and outcomes. Removing gender-explicit words from job advertisements does not fully solve the problem as certain implicit traits are more closely associated with men, such as ambitiousness, while others are more closely associated with women, such as considerateness. However, it is not always possible to find neutral alternatives for these traits, making it hard to search for candidates with desired characteristics without entailing gender discrimination. Existing algorithms mainly focus on the detection of the presence of gender biases in job advertisements without providing a solution to how the text should be (re)worded. To address this problem, we propose an algorithm that evaluates gender bias in the input text and provides guidance on how the text should be debiased by offering alternative wording that is closely related to the original input. Our proposed method promises broad application in the human resources process, ranging from the development of job advertisements to algorithm-assisted screening of job applications.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: bias evaluation, bias mitigation, constrained sampling, gender bias, importance sampling
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Mathematical Sciences, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2022 09:09
Last Modified: 21 Mar 2022 13:05
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/31955

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