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Suppression of metabolite shuttles for export of chloroplast and mitochondrial ATP and NADPH increases the cytosolic NADH:NAD+ ratio in tobacco leaves in the dark

Moreno-García, Beatriz and López-Calcagno, Patricia E and Raines, Christine A and Sweetlove, Lee J (2022) 'Suppression of metabolite shuttles for export of chloroplast and mitochondrial ATP and NADPH increases the cytosolic NADH:NAD+ ratio in tobacco leaves in the dark.' Journal of Plant Physiology, 268. p. 153578. ISSN 0176-1617

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The communication between chloroplasts and mitochondria, which depends on the inter-organellar exchange of carbon skeletons, energy, and reducing equivalents, is essential for maintaining efficient respiratory metabolism and photosynthesis. We devised a multi-transgene approach to manipulate the leaf energy and redox balance in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) while monitoring the in vivo cytosolic redox status of NAD(H) using the biosensor c-Peredox-mCherry. Our strategy involved altering the shuttling capacity of the chloroplast by (1) increasing the chloroplast malate valve capacity by overexpression of the chloroplast malate valve transporter pOMT from Arabidopsis (AtpOMT1) while (2) reducing the activity of the chloroplast triose-phosphate/3-phosphoglycerate shuttle by knocking down the cytosolic NAD-dependent glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NtGAPC). This was accompanied by (3) alterations to the export of reducing equivalents in the mitochondria by knocking down the mitochondrial malate dehydrogenase (NtmMDH) and (4) an increased expression of the mitochondrial fission regulator FIS1A from Arabidopsis (AtFIS1A). The multi-transgene tobacco plants were analysed in glasshouse conditions and showed significant increases in the cytosolic NADH:NAD+ in the dark when transcript levels for NtGAPC or NtmMDH were knocked down. In addition, principal component analysis and Spearman correlation analyses showed negative correlations between average transcript levels for the gene targets and parameters related to chlorophyll fluorescence and plant growth. Our results highlight the importance of the shuttling of energy and reducing equivalents from chloroplasts and mitochondria to support photosynthesis and growth and suggest an important role for the dual 2-oxoglutarate/malate and oxaloacetate/malate transporter (pOMT).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Organelle communication; Energy balance; Redox metabolism; Plant metabolic engineering; Multi-transgene transformation; Nicotiana tabacum
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2022 14:59
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2022 13:16

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