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The role of achievement emotions in primary school mathematics: Control–value antecedents and achievement outcomes

Putwain, David W and Schmitz, Eva A and Wood, Peter and Pekrun, Reinhard (2021) 'The role of achievement emotions in primary school mathematics: Control–value antecedents and achievement outcomes.' British Journal of Educational Psychology, 91 (1). pp. 347-367. ISSN 0007-0998

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Abstract

Background Appraisals of control and value are proposed as proximal antecedents of achievement emotions, which, in turn, predict achievement. Relatively few studies have investigated how control and value may interact to determine achievement emotions, or subsequent achievement mediated by emotions. Aim To examine whether control, value, and their interaction predicted mathematics test score directly, and indirectly, mediated by three salient achievement emotions: enjoyment, boredom, and anxiety. Method Data were collected from 1,298 primary schoolchildren. Participants completed self-report measures of control, value (i.e., intrinsic, attainment, and utility), and achievement emotions (i.e., enjoyment, boredom, and anxiety), in the context of mathematics. Participants then undertook a curriculum-based mathematics test in class. Results Higher control and value were related to a higher mathematics test score directly, and indirectly, mediated via higher enjoyment and lower anxiety. The interaction of control and intrinsic value predicted mathematics test score directly, and indirectly, mediated via enjoyment. Conclusion Intrinsic value amplified the direct positive relation between control and mathematics test score. Intrinsic value also protected mathematics test scores at lower levels of control indirectly, through higher enjoyment. Helping students to maximize control and value will be beneficial for their learning experience and outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: control; value theory; enjoyment; boredom; anxiety; achievement
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2022 13:21
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2022 13:21
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/32128

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