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Can We Boost Preschoolers’ Inhibitory Performance Just by Changing the Way They Respond?

Carroll, Daniel J and Blakey, Emma and Simpson, Andrew (2021) 'Can We Boost Preschoolers’ Inhibitory Performance Just by Changing the Way They Respond?' Child Development, 92 (6). pp. 2205-2212. ISSN 0009-3920

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Changing the way children make their response appears to sometimes, but not always, boost their inhibitory control—though interpreting existing findings is hampered by inconsistent methods and results. This study investigated the effects of delaying, and changing, the means of responding. Ninety-six preschoolers (Mage 46 months) completed tasks assessing inhibitory control, counterfactual reasoning, strategic reasoning, and false belief understanding. Children responded either immediately or after a delay, and either by pointing with their finger, or with a hand-held arrow. Delaying boosted performance on all tasks except false belief understanding; arrow-pointing only improved strategic reasoning. It is suggested that delay helps children work out the correct response; it is unlikely to help on tasks where this requirement is absent.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2022 13:51
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2022 13:51

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