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Biomarkers Derived from Alterations in Overlapping Community Structure of Resting-state Brain Functional Networks for Detecting Alzheimer's Disease.

Han, Hongfang and Li, Xuan and Gan, John Q and Yu, Hua and Wang, Haixian (2022) 'Biomarkers Derived from Alterations in Overlapping Community Structure of Resting-state Brain Functional Networks for Detecting Alzheimer's Disease.' Neuroscience, 484. pp. 38-52. ISSN 0306-4522

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Abstract

Recent studies show that overlapping community structure is an important feature of the brain functional network. However, alterations in such overlapping community structure in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients have not been examined yet. In this study, we investigate the overlapping community structure in AD by using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) data. The collective sparse symmetric non-negative matrix factorization (cssNMF) is adopted to detect the overlapping community structure. Experimental results on 28 AD patients and 32 normal controls (NCs) from the ADNI2 dataset show that the two groups have remarkable differences in terms of the optimal number of communities, the hierarchy of communities detected at different scales, network functional segregation, and nodal functional diversity. In particular, the frontal-parietal and basal ganglia networks exhibit significant differences between the two groups. A machine learning framework proposed in this paper for AD detection achieved an accuracy of 76.7% when using the detected community strengths of the frontal-parietal and basal ganglia networks only as input features. These findings provide novel insights into the understanding of pathological changes in the brain functional network organization of AD and show the potential of the community structure-related features for AD detection.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative; Alzheimer's disease; overlapping community structure; brain functional network; resting-state fMRI; machine learning; agglomerative hierarchical clustering
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2022 21:15
Last Modified: 23 May 2022 15:33
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/32169

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