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Contingency factors and budget actors' behaviour during COVID-19: the case of Uganda

Nkundabanyanga, Stephen K and Jayasinghe, Kelum and Abaho, Ernest and Mugambe, Keneth (2022) 'Contingency factors and budget actors' behaviour during COVID-19: the case of Uganda.' Journal of Public Budgeting Accounting and Financial Management. ISSN 1096-3367

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Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine the view points and experiences of multiple budget actors to understand their particular budget related behaviours contingent upon the COVID-19 (C19) pandemic of a developing country. Design/methodology/approach – This study uses Uganda as a case study and employs semi-structured interview method for the data collection. In trying to generate themes and patterns, data are analysed through three levels of coding: open, axial and selective coding. The contingency theory is used to interpret the data. Findings – The task of budgeting formulation, implementation and control in times of C19 lead to varied actual behaviours of budget actors because of the environmental uncertainty, inappropriate structural and technological conditions and manipulative organisational cultures contingent upon the Ugandan C19 budget context. Research limitations/implications – The insights generated from the study can be useful for the national governments of emerging economies, e.g. African countries, to understand the conditions that influence the budget actors’ behaviour and together, develop long-term financial resilience strategies to face future emergencies. Originality –This study contributes to accounting and public budgeting theory by showing that contingency theory is a relevant framework for understanding budget actors’ behaviour in emergency situations. The study potentially strengthens the contingency theory framework through its incorporation of organisational culture perspective into the ‘people’ element. Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine the view points and experiences of multiple budget actors to understand their particular budget related behaviours contingent upon the COVID-19 (C19) pandemic of a developing country. Design/methodology/approach – This study uses Uganda as a case study and employs semi-structured interview method for the data collection. In trying to generate themes and patterns, data are analysed through three levels of coding: open, axial and selective coding. The contingency theory is used to interpret the data. Findings – The task of budgeting formulation, implementation and control in times of C19 lead to varied actual behaviours of budget actors because of the environmental uncertainty, inappropriate structural and technological conditions and manipulative organisational cultures contingent upon the Ugandan C19 budget context. Research limitations/implications – The insights generated from the study can be useful for the national governments of emerging economies, e.g. African countries, to understand the conditions that influence the budget actors’ behaviour and together, develop long-term financial resilience strategies to face future emergencies. Originality –This study contributes to accounting and public budgeting theory by showing that contingency theory is a relevant framework for understanding budget actors’ behaviour in emergency situations. The study potentially strengthens the contingency theory framework through its incorporation of organisational culture perspective into the ‘people’ element.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Budgeting; COVID; Behaviour; Responses
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School
Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School > Essex Accounting Centre
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 31 May 2022 11:34
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2022 19:53
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/32492

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