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The Gender Gap in Mental Well-Being At the Onset of the Covid-19 Pandemic: Evidence from the UK

Etheridge, Benedict and Spantig, Lisa (2022) 'The Gender Gap in Mental Well-Being At the Onset of the Covid-19 Pandemic: Evidence from the UK.' European Economic Review, 145. p. 104114. ISSN 0014-2921

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Abstract

We assess the decline in mental health after the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic in the UK. This decline was more than twice as large for women as for men. We seek to explain this gender gap by exploring gender differences in: family and caring responsibilities; financial and work situation; social engagement; health situation, and health behaviours, including exercise. We assess their quantitative relevance by applying standard decomposition methods. We find that compositional differences in family and caring responsibilities explain part of the gender gap, but more important are gender differences in social factors, particularly changes in loneliness. We explore this result further by analysing gender differences in personality traits. Even after controlling for all factors there remains a noticeable age–gender gradient, with young females suffering particularly badly.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mental well-being; Mental health; Gender; Covid-19
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Economics, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2022 12:42
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2022 15:46
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/32580

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