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Associations between Social support Provided and Walkability among Older Adults: Health Self-Consciousness as a Moderator

Asiamah, Nestor and Lowry, Ruth and Khan, Hafiz TA and Awuviry-Newton, Kofi (2022) 'Associations between Social support Provided and Walkability among Older Adults: Health Self-Consciousness as a Moderator.' Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 101. p. 104691. ISSN 0167-4943

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Abstract

Background The social support provided or given to others play a key role in healthy ageing. Empirical and anecdotal evidence suggests that walkable neighbourhoods can positively influence social support given. Higher health self-consciousness may strengthen the positive association between walkability and social support provided. Aim This study investigated whether the association between walkability and social support provided is moderated by health self-consciousness. Methods A cross-sectional design with sensitivity analysis and recommended procedures against common methods bias was employed. The study's population was community-dwelling older adults living in Accra, Ghana. Data from 923 participants were analysed using the hierarchical linear regression analysis. Findings The study found a positive association between walkability and social support provided after adjusting for the ultimate confounding variables. Health self-consciousness positively moderated the association between walkability and social support provided. Conclusion The study concludes that social support provided in older adults may be higher in more walkable neighbourhoods. Health self-consciousness can enhance the contribution of walkability to social support provided. Our results reinforce the importance of campaigns aimed at improving walkability of neighbourhoods.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Walkability; social support; physical activity; older adults; Africa
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Health and Social Care, School of
Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2022 15:57
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 12:50
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/32588

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