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The associations between pro-environment behaviours, sustainability knowingness, and neighbourhood walkability among residents of Accra Metro in Ghana: A cross-sectional analysis

Opuni, Frank Frimpong and Asiamah, Nestor and Danquah, Emelia and Ricky-Okine, Charles K and Ocloo, Elikem Chosniel and Quansah, Fidelis (2022) 'The associations between pro-environment behaviours, sustainability knowingness, and neighbourhood walkability among residents of Accra Metro in Ghana: A cross-sectional analysis.' Journal of Transport and Health, 25. p. 101375. ISSN 2214-1405

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Abstract

Background Physical activities such as walking are a form of transportation in the neighbourhood; people reach their destinations through walking. Research to date has substantially evidenced the beneficial effects of walking and other physical activities on health outcomes. From these perspectives, neighbourhood walkability and behaviours that improve it play a crucial role in healthy transportation. Aim To assess the associations between pro-environment behaviours (i.e., socially responsible consumption (SRC) and pro-environment behaviour (PEB)) and neighbourhood walkability, and to ascertain whether these relationships are moderated by sustainability knowingness. Methods This study employed a cross-sectional design with sensitivity analysis and recommended steps against common methods bias. The participants were residents in the Accra Metropolitan Area (Accra Metro), Ghana. Self-reported questionnaires were used to gather data from 625 residents. Exploratory factor analysis and hierarchical linear regression analysis were used to present the results. Results PEB and SRC had a positive association with neighbourhood walkability, with the latter having a stronger association with neighbourhood walkability. The relationship between these behaviours and neighbourhood walkability was significantly strengthened by sustainability knowingness. Conclusion Higher neighbourhood walkability was associated with higher SRC and PEB, which means that residents can contribute to improved neighbourhood walkability with their pro-environment behaviours. Residents’ sustainability knowingness or their knowledge about sustainability and its importance can enhance the positive influence of pro-environment behaviours on neighbourhood walkability.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Walking; Neighbourhood walkability; Pro-environment behaviour; Socially responsible consumption; Ghana
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Health and Social Care, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2022 12:48
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2022 00:22
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/32732

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