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Physical activity time and lifestyle correlates of cardiovascular disease status in older adults in Accra

Asiamah, Nestor and Kouveliotis, Kyriakos and Petersen, Carl and Eduafo, Richard and Borkey, Richard (2022) 'Physical activity time and lifestyle correlates of cardiovascular disease status in older adults in Accra.' Journal of Public Health. pp. 1-10. ISSN 1741-3842

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Abstract

Aim: The maintenance of physical activity (PA) over the life course is considered a hallmark for ageing well, but individuals who practice PA also often pursue lifestyles (e.g., smoking) that may inhibit the medicinal impact of PA on them. PA is said to protect against cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), but the literature has little to say about the impact of PA on the risk of CVDs when it is associated with lifestyle factors, comorbidities, and personal characteristics. This study aimed to assess the association between PA time and CVDs, with relevant lifestyle factors, comorbidities, and personal characteristics treated as covariates. Subject and Methods: The study’s population was retired and working older people aged 60 years or more in Accra, Ghana. A total of 686 individuals responded to self-reported questionnaires. Pearson’s chi-square test and binary logistic regression were used to present findings. Results: The study found that the risk of having one or more CVDs increases as time spent in moderate and vigorous PA increases, whereas individuals who drank alcohol a few days a week or most days a week are respectively 2 (OR = 2.415; p = 0.037) and 22 (OR = 21.933; p = 0.000) times more likely to have one or more CVDs compared to those who never drank alcohol. Conclusion: Health education should not only encourage PA maintenance but should also conscientize individuals to avoid unhealthy behaviours to maximize the positive effect of PA on health.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Physical activity; Sedentary behaviour; Lifestyle factors; Cardiovascular disease; Older adults
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Health and Social Care, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2022 13:20
Last Modified: 07 May 2022 02:24
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/32744

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