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Determining the Corticospinal Responses and Cross-Transfer of Ballistic Motor Performance in Young and Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Woldeamanuel, Gashaw Garedew and Frazer, Ashlyn K and Lee, Annemarie and Avela, Janne and Tallent, Jamie and Ahtiainen, Juha P and Pearce, Alan J and Kidgell, Dawson J (2022) 'Determining the Corticospinal Responses and Cross-Transfer of Ballistic Motor Performance in Young and Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.' Journal of Motor Behavior. pp. 1-24. ISSN 0022-2895

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Abstract

Ballistic motor training induces plasticity changes and imparts a cross-transfer effect. However, whether there are age-related differences in these changes remain unclear. Thus, the purpose of this study was to perform a meta-analysis to determine the corticospinal responses and cross-transfer of motor performance following ballistic motor training in young and older adults. Meta-analysis was performed using a random-effects model. A best evidence synthesis was performed for variables that had insufficient data for meta-analysis. There was strong evidence to suggest that young participants exhibited greater cross-transfer of ballistic motor performance than their older counterparts. This meta-analysis showed no significant age-related differences in motor-evoked potentials (MEPs), short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) and surface electromyography (sEMG) for both hands following ballistic motor training.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: aging; corticospinal excitability; motor performance; short-interval intracortical inhibition; transcranial magnetic stimulation
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2022 12:21
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2022 12:24
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/32815

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