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The influence of compression tights on running economy varies by relative intensity

McManus, Christopher and Cooper, Chris and Sandercock, Gavin (2022) 'The influence of compression tights on running economy varies by relative intensity.' International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching. p. 174795412210979. ISSN 1747-9541

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Abstract

<jats:p> The effect of compression tights on running economy is unclear. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the influence of compression tights on economy. Following an incremental test to exhaustion to determine aerobic capacity (V̇O<jats:sub>2max</jats:sub>) and peak running speed (vV̇O<jats:sub>2max</jats:sub>), twenty-six moderately endurance-trained males (28 ± 7 years; 76.1 ± 8.4 kg; V̇O<jats:sub>2max</jats:sub> = 54.7 ± 4.8 mL·kg<jats:sup>−1</jats:sup>·min<jats:sup>−1</jats:sup>) were allocated to either a 60% (n = 8), 62.5% (n = 9) or 65% vV̇O<jats:sub>2max</jats:sub> group (n = 9) using block randomisation. Participants ran for 15 min at the allocated vV̇O<jats:sub>2max</jats:sub> with compression tights and a non-compression control condition in a randomised, counter-balanced order, separated by seven days. Oxygen consumption (V̇O<jats:sub>2</jats:sub>) and expired carbon dioxide (V̇CO<jats:sub>2</jats:sub>) was measured to determine economy as caloric unit cost. No difference was observed between conditions for the 60% and 62.5% vV̇O<jats:sub>2max</jats:sub> groups, however economy was improved with compression at 65% vV̇O<jats:sub>2max</jats:sub> ( P &lt; 0.01). Combined analysis of all participants revealed ΔRE (Δ = control − compression) correlated with relative aerobic capacity (%V̇O<jats:sub>2max</jats:sub>) ( r = 0.50, P &lt; 0.01) but not running speed ( r = 0.04, P &lt; 0.84). These data suggest that compression tights influence economy at 65% vV̇O<jats:sub>2max</jats:sub> or at relative exercise intensities of approximately 75–85%V̇O<jats:sub>2max</jats:sub>. </jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aerobic capacity; endurance training; physiology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 24 May 2022 08:20
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2022 15:33
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/32887

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