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Reliability, Variability, and Minimal Detectable Change of Bilateral and Unilateral Lower Extremity Isometric Force Tests

Mattiussi, Adam and Shaw, Joseph and Cohen, Daniel and Price, Phil and Brown, Derrick and Pedlar, Charles and Tallent, Jamie (2022) 'Reliability, Variability, and Minimal Detectable Change of Bilateral and Unilateral Lower Extremity Isometric Force Tests.' Journal of Sport and Exercise Science. (In Press)

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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the within- and between-session reliability, variability, and minimal detectable change (MDC) of vertical ground reaction force (vGRF) during bilateral and unilateral lower extremity maximal isometric force tests. Eighteen participants (men: n = 9, age: 27.9 ± 6.3 y, height: 1.82 ± 0.06 m, mass: 82.4 ± 10.4 kg, strength training experience: 10.4 ± 7.7 y; women: n = 9, age: 29.3 ± 8.6 y, height: 1.68 ± 0.01 m, mass: 58.0 ± 5.8 kg, strength training experience: 5.5 ± 3.6 y) attended two data collection sessions separated by 48 h. The absolute, net, and relative vGRF were calculated across bilateral and unilateral variations of the squat, standing plantarflexion, and seated plantarflexion positions. All measures of vGRF demonstrated excellent reliability and low variability within (intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC): 0.92–0.99; coefficient of variation (CV): 2.9–6.5%) and between sessions (ICC: 0.95–1.00; CV: 2.0–6.0%), across all positions. The MDC ranged between 135–276 N (5.1–14.5%), with the seated plantarflexion positions demonstrating the highest values as a percentage of the group mean (13.3¬¬–14.5%). Maximal isometric force testing during bilateral and unilateral variations of the squat, standing plantarflexion, and seated plantarflexion positions provide reliable measures of vGRF in men and women.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2022 20:35
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2022 19:54
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/32898

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