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LIGHT-INDUCED MOTILE RESPONSES OF THE ESTUARINE BENTHIC DIATOMS<i>NAVICULA PERMINUTA</i>AND<i>CYLINDROTHECA CLOSTERIUM</i>(BACILLARIOPHYCEAE)

McLachlan, Deirdre H and Brownlee, Colin and Taylor, Alison R and Geider, Richard J and Underwood, Graham JC (2009) 'LIGHT-INDUCED MOTILE RESPONSES OF THE ESTUARINE BENTHIC DIATOMS<i>NAVICULA PERMINUTA</i>AND<i>CYLINDROTHECA CLOSTERIUM</i>(BACILLARIOPHYCEAE).' Journal of Phycology, 45 (3). pp. 592-599. ISSN 0022-3646

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Abstract

Motility of estuarine epipelic (mud-inhabiting) diatoms is an important adaptation to living in biofilms present within fine sediments. Motility allows cells to migrate within the photic zone in response to a wide range of environmental stimuli. The motile responses of two species of benthic diatoms to photon fluence rates and spectral quality were investigated. Cultures of Navicula perminuta (Grunow) in van Heurck and Cylindrotheca closterium (Ehrenb.) J. C. Lewin et Reimann both exhibited photoaccumulation at ∼200 μ;mol · m-2 · s-1 and photodispersal from photon flux densities (PFDs) of ∼15 μ;mol · m-2 · s-1. Photokinesis (changing cell speed) contributed toward photodispersal for both species, and red light (λ = 681-691 nm) was most effective at inducing this process. N. perminuta showed a phototactic (directional) response, with active movement in response to a light gradient. Although this response was exhibited in white light, these directional responses were only elicited by wavelengths from 430 to 510 nm. In contrast, C. closterium did not exhibit phototaxis under any light conditions used in this study. Motile benthic diatoms thus exhibit complex and sophisticated responses to light quantity and quality, involving combinations of photokinesis and phototaxis, which can contribute toward explaining the patterns of large-scale cell movements observed in natural estuarine biofilms. © 2009 Phycological Society of America.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: diatom; microphytobenthos; motility; photokinesis; photomovement; photoperception; phototaxis
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2011 10:17
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2022 19:48
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/330

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