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Demographic and Economic Pressure on Emigration out of Africa*

Hatton, Timothy J and Williamson, Jeffrey G (2003) 'Demographic and Economic Pressure on Emigration out of Africa*.' The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 105 (3). pp. 465-486. ISSN 0347-0520

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Two of the main forces driving European emigration in the late nineteenth century were real wage gaps between sending and receiving regions and demographic booms in the low-wage sending regions. Our new estimates of net migration for the countries of sub-Saharan Africa show that exactly the same forces driving African across-border migration are at work today. The results suggest that rapid growth in the cohort of potential young emigrants, population pressure on the resource base, and slow economic growth are likely to intensify the pressure for migration out of Africa and into high-wage OECD countries over the next two decades.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sub-Saharan Africa; international migration; refugees
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Economics, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2012 12:13
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 00:28

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