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A roadmap to integrating resilience into the practice of coral reef restoration.

Shaver, Elizabeth C and McLeod, Elizabeth and Hein, Margaux Y and Palumbi, Stephen R and Quigley, Kate and Vardi, Tali and Mumby, Peter J and Smith, David and Montoya-Maya, Phanor and Muller, Erinn M and Banaszak, Anastazia T and McLeod, Ian M and Wachenfeld, David (2022) 'A roadmap to integrating resilience into the practice of coral reef restoration.' Global Change Biology, 28 (16). pp. 4751-4764. ISSN 1354-1013

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Abstract

Recent warm temperatures driven by climate change have caused mass coral bleaching and mortality across the world, prompting managers, policymakers, and conservation practitioners to embrace restoration as a strategy to sustain coral reefs. Despite a proliferation of new coral reef restoration efforts globally and increasing scientific recognition and research on interventions aimed at supporting reef resilience to climate impacts, few restoration programs are currently incorporating climate change and resilience in project design. As climate change will continue to degrade coral reefs for decades to come, guidance is needed to support managers and restoration practitioners to conduct restoration that promotes resilience through enhanced coral reef recovery, resistance, and adaptation. Here, we address this critical implementation gap by providing recommendations that integrate resilience principles into restoration design and practice, including for project planning and design, coral selection, site selection, and broader ecosystem context. We also discuss future opportunities to improve restoration methods to support enhanced outcomes for coral reefs in response to climate change. As coral reefs are one of the most vulnerable ecosystems to climate change, interventions that enhance reef resilience will help to ensure restoration efforts have a greater chance of success in a warming world. They are also more likely to provide essential contributions to global targets to protect natural biodiversity and the human communities that rely on reefs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: climate change adaptation; coral bleaching; coral reefs; resilience; resilience-based management; restoration
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2022 14:17
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 10:50
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/33023

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