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A many-analysts approach to the relation between religiosity and well-being

Hoogeveen, S and Sarafoglou, A and Aczel, B and Aditya, Y and Alayan, AJ and Allen, PJ and Altay, S and Alzahawi, S and Amir, Y and Anthony, F and Kwame Appiah, O and Atkinson, QD and Baimel, A and Balkaya-Ince, M and Balsamo, M and Banker, S and Bartoš, F and Becerra, M and Beffara, B and Beitner, J and Bendixen, T and Berkessel, JB and Berniūnas, R and Billet, MI and Billingsley, J and Bortolini, T and Breitsohl, H and Bret, A and Brown, FL and Brown, J and Brumbaugh, CC and Buczny, J and Bulbulia, J and Caballero, S and Carlucci, L and Carmichael, CL and Cattaneo, MEGV and Charles, SJ and Claessens, S and Panagopoulos, MC and Costa, AB and Crone, DL and Czoschke, S and Czymara, C and D'Urso, ED and Dahlström, Ö and Rosa, AD and Danielsson, H and De Ron, J and de Vries, YA and Dean, KK and Dik, BJ and Disabato, DJ and Doherty, JK and Draws, T and Drouhot, L and Dujmovic, M and Dunham, Y and Ebert, T and Edelsbrunner, PA and Eerland, A and Elbaek, CT and Farahmand, S and Farahmand, H and Farias, M and Feliccia, AA and Fischer, K and Fischer, R and Fisher-Thompson, D and Francis, Z and Frick, S and Frisch, LK and Geraldes, D and Gerdin, E and Geven, L and Ghasemi, O and Gielens, E and Gligorić, V and Hagel, K and Hajdu, N and Hamilton, HR and Hamzah, I and Hanel, PHP and Hawk, CE and K. Himawan, K and Holding, BC and Homman, LE and Ingendahl, M and Inkilä, H and Inman, ML and Islam, C and Isler, O and Izydorczyk, D and Jaeger, B and Johnson, KA and Jong, J and Karl, JA and Kaszubowski, E and Katz, BA and Keefer, LA and Kelchtermans, S and Kelly, JM and Klein, RA and Kleinberg, B and Knowles, ML and Kołczyńska, M and Koller, D and Krasko, J and Kritzler, S and Krypotos, A and Kyritsis, T and L. Landes, T and Laukenmann, R and Forsyth, GAL and Lazar, A and Lehman, BJ and Levy, N and Lo, RF and Lodder, P and Lorenz, J and Łowicki, P and Ly, AL and Maassen, E and Magyar-Russell, GM and Maier, M and Marsh, DR and Martinez, N and Martinie, M and Martoyo, I and Mason, SE and Mauritsen, AL and McAleer, P and McCauley, T and McCullough, M and McKay, R and McMahon, CM and McNamara, AA and Means, KK and Mercier, B and Mitkidis, P and Monin, B and Moon, JW and Moreau, D and Morgan, J and Murphy, J and Muscatt, G and Nägel, C and Nagy, T and Nalborczyk, L and Nilsonne, G and Noack, P and Norenzayan, A and Nuijten, MB and Olsson-Collentine, A and Oviedo, L and Pavlov, YG and Pawelski, JO and Pearson, HI and Pedder, H and Peetz, HK and Pinus, M and Pirutinsky, S and Polito, V and Porubanova, M and Poulin, MJ and Prenoveau, JM and Prince, MA and Protzko, J and Pryor, C and Purzycki, BG and Qiu, L and Pütter, JQ and Rabelo, A and Radell, ML and Ramsay, JE and Reid, G and J. Roberts, A and Luna, LMR and Ross, RM and Roszak, P and Roy, N and Saarelainen, SK and Sasaki, JY and Schaumans, C and Schivinski, B and Schmitt, MC and Schnitker, SA and Schnuerch, M and Schreiner, MR and Schüttengruber, V and Sebben, S and Segerstrom, SC and Seryczyńska, B and Shjoedt, U and Simsek, M and Sleegers, WWA and Smith, ER and Sowden, WJ and Späth, M and Spörlein, C and Stedden, W and Stoevenbelt, AH and Stuber, S and Sulik, J and Suwartono, C and Syropoulos, S and Szaszi, B and Szecsi, P and Tappin, BM and Tay, L and Thibault, RT and Thompson, B and Thurn, CM and Torralba, J and Tuthill, SD and Ullein, A and Van Aert, RCM and van Assen, MALM and Van Cappellen, P and van den Akker, OR and Van der Cruyssen, I and Van der Noll, J and van Dongen, NNN and Van Lissa, CJ and van Mulukom, V and van Ravenzwaaij, D and van Zyl, CJJ and Ann Vaughn, L and Većkalov, B and Verschuere, B and Vianello, M and Vilanova, F and Vishkin, A and Vogel, V and Vogelsmeier, LVDE and Watanabe, S and White, CJM and Wiebels, K and Wiechert, S and Willett, ZZ and Witkowiak, M and Witvliet, CVO and Wiwad, D and Wuyts, R and Xygalatas, D and Yang, X and Yeo, DJ and Yilmaz, O and Zarzeczna, N and Zhao, Y and Zijlmans, J and van Elk, M and Wagenmakers, E (2022) 'A many-analysts approach to the relation between religiosity and well-being.' Religion, Brain & Behavior. pp. 1-47. ISSN 2153-5981

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Abstract

The relation between religiosity and well-being is one of the most researched topics in the psychology of religion, yet the directionality and robustness of the effect remains debated. Here, we adopted a many-analysts approach to assess the robustness of this relation based on a new cross-cultural dataset (N=10,535 participants from 24 countries). We recruited 120 analysis teams to investigate (1) whether religious people self-report higher well-being, and (2) whether the relation between religiosity and self-reported well-being depends on perceived cultural norms of religion (i.e., whether it is considered normal and desirable to be religious in a given country). In a two-stage procedure, the teams first created an analysis plan and then executed their planned analysis on the data. For the first research question, all but 3 teams reported positive effect sizes with credible/confidence intervals excluding zero (median reported ?=0.120). For the second research question, this was the case for 65% of the teams (median reported ?=0.039). While most teams applied (multilevel) linear regression models, there was considerable variability in the choice of items used to construct the independent variables, the dependent variable, and the included covariates.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Health; many analysts; open science; religion
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2022 09:50
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 10:51
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/33150

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