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Comparison of cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index between rural and urban youth: Findings from the east of England healthy hearts study

Sandercock, GRH and Ogunleye, A and Voss, C (2011) 'Comparison of cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index between rural and urban youth: Findings from the east of England healthy hearts study.' Pediatrics International, 53 (5). 718 - 724. ISSN 1328-8067

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Abstract

Background: The aim of the present study was to determine if there were differences in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and body mass index (BMI) in rural versus urban youth. Methods: We measured BMI in 6628 10.0-15.9-year-olds and classified them as normal weight, overweight or obese. CRF was assessed with a 20-m shuttle-run test and subjects were classified as unfit, fit or highly fit. Rural or urban dwelling was calculated from postcodes. Results: There were no differences in frequency of BMI categories or CRF between rural and urban children (<13 years) or adolescents (>13 years). Rural adolescents were less likely to be fit (OR = 0.80; 95%CI 0.67-0.96) or highly fit (OR = 0.69; 95%CI 0.55-0.86) independent of their age, sex, race or level of deprivation. Conclusions: Whilst there were no differences evident in children <13 years, rural adolescents were significantly less likely to meet criterion-based cut-off points for CRF. Research to elucidate why such differences exist is warranted. © 2011 Japan Pediatric Society.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Admin
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2011 15:06
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2019 16:17
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/348

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