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Localisation of cognitive tasks used in EEG-based BCIs

Dyson, M and Sepulveda, F and Gan, JQ (2010) 'Localisation of cognitive tasks used in EEG-based BCIs.' Clinical Neurophysiology, 121 (9). 1481 - 1493. ISSN 1388-2457

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Abstract

Objective: To provide candidate electrode sites and neurophysiological reference information for cognitive tasks used in brain-computer interfacing research. Methods: Six cognitive tasks were tested against the idle state. Data representing the idle state were collected with active cognitive task data during each recording session. Cross subject candidate electrode sites were obtained via a wrapper method based upon a sequential forward floating search algorithm. Source localisation results were obtained using sLORETA software. Results: Spatial feature distributions and localisation results are presented. Primary centres of activity for motor imagery tasks are localised to the pre- and postcentral gyrus. Auditory-based tasks show activity in the middle temporal gyrus. Calculation activity was localised to the left inferior frontal gyrus and right supramarginal gyrus. Navigation imagery produced activity in the precuneus and anterior cingulate cortex. Conclusions: Spatial areas of activation suggest that arithmetic and auditory tasks show promise for pairwise discrimination based on single recording sites. sLORETA significance levels suggest that motor imagery tasks will show greatest discrimination from baseline EEG activity. Significance: This is the first study to provide candidate electrode sites for multiple tasks used in brain-computer interfacing. © 2010 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
Depositing User: Users 161 not found.
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2012 11:28
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2017 18:07
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/4078

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