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Nascent entrepreneurial activity within female ethnic minority groups

Kwong, CCY and Thompson, P and Jones-Evans, D and Brooksbank, D (2009) 'Nascent entrepreneurial activity within female ethnic minority groups.' International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, 15 (3). pp. 262-281. ISSN 1355-2554

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Abstract

Purpose ? The purpose of this paper is to compare the entrepreneurial activity, attitudes and social connections of four groups of ethnic minority females in the UK, with the aim of examining the extent of gender and ethnic background effects on nascent start-up activities and the attitudes of women belonging to these ethnic minority groups. Design/methodology/approach ? A two-stage approach is adopted to examine the situations of four main female ethnic minority groups using data from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) adult population survey for the UK. The first stage adopts a binary logistic approach to determine the importance of social networks, opportunity perception and risk aversion to the probability of being involved in nascent entrepreneurial activities. The second stage of analysis examines the differences in these perceptual variables to determine the extent to which different female ethnic minority groups are embedded in different social environments when attempting to start a business. Findings ? There are considerable differences amongst different ethnic groups in the level of entrepreneurial activity by women, their attitudes towards entrepreneurship, and the social capital available to them when starting a business. Practical implications ? The findings suggest that policy makers should take the differences by ethnic groupings into account when developing bespoke development policies designed to alleviate the barriers faced by women. Originality/value ? The paper is one of the first comparative studies focusing on women from different ethnic backgrounds. Rather than assuming homogeneity, or examining specific groups in isolation it allows the different conditions faced by prospective entrepreneurs from each group to be examined

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Business formation; Entrepreneurialism; Ethnic minorities; United Kingdom; Women
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Women
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2012 15:10
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 01:06
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/4321

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