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Characterization of geographically distinct bacterial communities associated with coral mucus produced by Acropora spp. and Porites spp.

UNSPECIFIED (2012) 'Characterization of geographically distinct bacterial communities associated with coral mucus produced by Acropora spp. and Porites spp.' Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 78 (15). 5229 - 5237. ISSN 0099-2240

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Abstract

Acropora and Porites corals are important reef builders in the Indo-Pacific and Caribbean. Bacteria associated with mucus produced by Porites spp. and Acropora spp. from Caribbean (Punta Maroma, Mexico) and Indo-Pacific (Hoga and Sampela, Indonesia) reefs were determined. Analysis of pyrosequencing libraries showed that bacterial communities from Caribbean corals were significantly more diverse (H′, 3.18 to 4.25) than their Indonesian counterparts (H′, 2.54 to 3.25). Dominant taxa were Gammaproteobacteria,Alphaproteobacteria, Firmicutes, and Cyanobacteria, which varied in relative abundance betweencoral genera and region. Distinct coral host-specific communities were also found; for example, Clostridiales were dominant on Acropora spp. (at Hoga and the Mexican Caribbean) compared to Porites spp. and seawater. Within the Gammproteobacteria,Halomonas spp. dominated sequence libraries from Porites spp. (49%) and Acropora spp. (5.6%) from the Mexican Caribbea,compared to the corresponding Indonesian coral libraries (<2%). Interestingly, with the exception of Porites spp.from the Mexican Caribbean, there was also a ubiquity of Psychrobacter spp., which dominated Acropora and Porites libraries from Indonesia and Acropora libraries from the Caribbean. In conclusion, there was a dominance of Halomonas spp. (associated with Acropora and Porites [Mexican Caribbean]), Firmicutes (associated with Acropora [Mexican Caribbean] and with Acropora and Porites [Hoga]), and Cyanobacteria (associated with Acropora and Porites [Hoga] and Porites [Sampela]). This is also the first report describing geographically distinct Psychrobacter spp. associated with coral mucus. In addition, the predominance of Clostridiales associated with Acropora spp. provided additional evidence for coral host-specific microorganisms.© 2012, American Society for Microbiology.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Biological Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2013 10:28
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2019 22:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/5182

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