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Delaying dispreferred responses in English: From a Japanese perspective

Tanaka, H (2008) 'Delaying dispreferred responses in English: From a Japanese perspective.' Language in Society, 37 (04). 487 - 513. ISSN 0047-4045

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Abstract

This article employs conversation analysis to explore the interpenetration of grammar and preference organization in English conversation in comparison with a previous study for Japanese. Whereas varying the word order of major syntactic elements is a vital grammatical resource in Japanese for accomplishing the potentially universal task of delaying dispreferred responses to a range of first actions, it is found to have limited utility in English. A search for alternative operations and devices that conversationalists deploy for this objective in English points to several grammatical constructions that can be tailored to maximize the delay of dispreferred responses. These include the fronting of relatively mobile, syntactically ?non-obligatory? elements of clause structure and the employment of various copular constructions. A close interdependence is observed between the rudimentary grammatical resources available in the two languages and the types of operations that are respectively enlisted for the implementation of the organization of preference.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: conversation analysis; preference organization; dispreferred response; word order; adverbial clause; epistemic phrase; discourse marker; copular construction; pseudocleft; repair
Subjects: P Language and Literature > PE English
P Language and Literature > PI Oriental languages and literatures
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Sociology, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2013 13:45
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2017 16:17
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/5212

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