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How Do Stock Markets in the US and Europe Price Efficiency Gains from Bank M&As?

Chronopoulos, DK and Girardone, C and Nankervis, JC (2013) 'How Do Stock Markets in the US and Europe Price Efficiency Gains from Bank M&As?' Journal of Financial Services Research, 43 (3). 243 - 263. ISSN 0920-8550

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Abstract

This paper examines whether the stock markets price changes in operating efficiency as a result of bank mergers and if the premiums paid by the acquiring banks also reflect these changes. The sample covers mergers and acquisitions consummated in the US and Europe during the period of 1997 to 2003. Changes in cost and profit efficiency are calculated using the non-parametric Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method 1 year prior and 3 years following the merger announcement. Evidence suggests a significant relation between the announcement-period abnormal returns and the post-merger profit efficiency changes. Results also indicate that bank managers are likely to pay a higher premium for those M & A transactions that can bring about greater efficiency gains, particularly on the profit side. Further, although acquirer shareholders in the US and Europe appear to react differently to the announcement of a bank merger, our results for target shareholders suggest that regional differences might be less important than the degree of capital market development in explaining wealth effects. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School
Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School > Essex Finance Centre
Depositing User: Jo Wiltshire
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2013 16:31
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2017 22:45
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/5232

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