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Photosynthetic Adaptation to Length of Day Is Dependent on <i>S</i>-Sulfocysteine Synthase Activity in the Thylakoid Lumen

Bermúdez, María Ángeles and Galmés, Jeroni and Moreno, Inmaculada and Mullineaux, Philip M and Gotor, Cecilia and Romero, Luis C (2012) 'Photosynthetic Adaptation to Length of Day Is Dependent on <i>S</i>-Sulfocysteine Synthase Activity in the Thylakoid Lumen.' Plant Physiology, 160 (1). pp. 274-288. ISSN 0032-0889

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<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title> <jats:p>Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) chloroplasts contain two O-acetyl-serine(thiol)lyase (OASTL) homologs, OAS-B, which is an authentic OASTL, and CS26, which has S-sulfocysteine synthase activity. In contrast with OAS-B, the loss of CS26 function resulted in dramatic phenotypic changes, which were dependent on the light treatment. We have performed a detailed characterization of the photosynthetic and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters in cs26 plants compared with those of wild-type plants under short-day growth conditions (SD) and long-day growth conditions (LD). Under LD, the photosynthetic characterization, which was based on substomatal CO2 concentrations and CO2 concentration in the chloroplast curves, revealed significant reductions in most of the photosynthetic parameters for cs26, which were unchanged under SD. These parameters included net CO2 assimilation rate, mesophyll conductance, and mitochondrial respiration at darkness. The analysis also showed that cs26 under LD required more absorbed quanta per driven electron flux and fixed CO2. The nonphotochemical quenching values suggested that in cs26 plants, the excess electrons that are not used in photochemical reactions may form reactive oxygen species. A photoinhibitory effect was confirmed by the background fluorescence signal values under LD and SD, which were higher in young leaves compared with mature ones under SD. To hypothesize the role of CS26 in relation to the photosynthetic machinery, we addressed its location inside of the chloroplast. The activity determination and localization analyses that were performed using immunoblotting indicated the presence of an active CS26 enzyme exclusively in the thylakoid lumen. This finding was reinforced by the observation of marked alterations in many lumenal proteins in the cs26 mutant compared with the wild type.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Thylakoids; Arabidopsis; Plant Leaves; Carbon Dioxide; Reactive Oxygen Species; Chlorophyll; Lyases; Cysteine Synthase; Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional; Proteomics; Acclimatization; Photosynthesis; Enzyme Activation; Phenotype; Light; Fluorescence; Photoperiod; Time Factors; Photochemical Processes
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2013 10:39
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2022 19:47

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