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Classification effects of real and imaginary movement selective attention tasks on a P300-based brain?computer interface

Salvaris, M and Sepulveda, F (2010) 'Classification effects of real and imaginary movement selective attention tasks on a P300-based brain?computer interface.' Journal of Neural Engineering, 7 (5). creators-Sepulveda=3AFrancisco=3A=3A. ISSN 1741-2560

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Brain?computer interfaces (BCIs) rely on various electroencephalography methodologies that allow the user to convey their desired control to the machine. Common approaches include the use of event-related potentials (ERPs) such as the P300 and modulation of the beta and mu rhythms. All of these methods have their benefits and drawbacks. In this paper, three different selective attention tasks were tested in conjunction with a P300-based protocol (i.e. the standard counting of target stimuli as well as the conduction of real and imaginary movements in sync with the target stimuli). The three tasks were performed by a total of 10 participants, with the majority (7 out of 10) of the participants having never before participated in imaginary movement BCI experiments. Channels and methods used were optimized for the P300 ERP and no sensory-motor rhythms were explicitly used. The classifier used was a simple Fisher's linear discriminant. Results were encouraging, showing that on average the imaginary movement achieved a P300 versus No-P300 classification accuracy of 84.53%. In comparison, mental counting, the standard selective attention task used in previous studies, achieved 78.9% and real movement 90.3%. Furthermore, multiple trial classification results were recorded and compared, with real movement reaching 99.5% accuracy after four trials (12.8 s), imaginary movement reaching 99.5% accuracy after five trials (16 s) and counting reaching 98.2% accuracy after ten trials (32 s).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Brain; Humans; Electroencephalography; Imagination; Psychomotor Performance; Attention; Event-Related Potentials, P300; Movement; User-Computer Interface; Adult; Female; Male; Young Adult
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2013 12:35
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2022 19:10

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