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A Preliminary Investigation into Whether Attentional Bias Influences Mood Outcomes Following Emotional Disclosure

Vedhara, K and Brant, H and Adamopoulos, E and Byrne-Davis, L and Mackintosh, B and Hoppitt, L and Tovee, M and Miles, J and Pennebaker, JW (2010) 'A Preliminary Investigation into Whether Attentional Bias Influences Mood Outcomes Following Emotional Disclosure.' International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 17 (3). pp. 195-206. ISSN 1070-5503

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Abstract

Background - There is considerable interest in factors which may influence the efficacy of emotional disclosure. To date, a range of demographic and psychological variables have been considered. However, consideration has not yet been given to cognitive factors known to influence emotional processing such as attentional bias (AB). Purpose - We present the results from an exploratory study examining the role of AB in influencing mood outcomes following emotional disclosure. Method - Individuals with negative and avoidant ABs (i.e., individuals vigilant for and individuals avoidant of negative emotional material, respectively) were identified by asking 105 individuals to complete a standardized AB task. Individuals in the bottom quartile of AB scores were categorized as having a negative AB and individuals in the top quartile were categorized as having an avoidant AB. These participants (n?=?38) completed the emotional disclosure intervention and mood was assessed at 1, 4, and 8 weeks post-intervention. Results - Negative AB individuals showed greater improvements in depression, anger, fatigue, and total mood disturbance. These results were unrelated to alexithymia. Conclusion - These results provide preliminary support for the proposal that AB may influence the effects of emotional disclosure on mood.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Attentional bias; Mood outcomes; Emotional disclosure; Negative AB; Avoidant AB
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2013 10:32
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 01:07
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/5645

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