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Cognitive Bias Modification: The Critical Role of Active Training in Modifying Emotional Responses

Hoppitt, L and Mathews, A and Yiend, J and Mackintosh, B (2010) 'Cognitive Bias Modification: The Critical Role of Active Training in Modifying Emotional Responses.' Behavior Therapy, 41 (1). pp. 73-81. ISSN 0005-7894

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Abstract

Training participants to select threat or nonthreat interpretations of emotionally ambiguous stimuli or passively exposing them to valenced scenarios can modify later interpretation of ambiguity. However, only when encouraged to actively select meanings do congruent changes in emotional response occur during training itself (Mathews & Mackintosh, 2000). The present study assessed the more critical question of whether active training is also necessary for modifying subsequent emotional responses to images of new ambiguous scenarios presented after training. As predicted, active training did lead participants to rate their images of emotionally ambiguous scenarios as being more unpleasant after training as compared to a matched passive condition. This finding supports the view that active generation of meaning during interpretive training is critical for the modification of later emotional responses.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2013 12:37
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 01:07
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/5646

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