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Cognitive mechanisms underlying the emotional effects of bias modification

Hoppitt, L and Mathews, A and Yiend, J and Mackintosh, B (2010) 'Cognitive mechanisms underlying the emotional effects of bias modification.' Applied Cognitive Psychology, 24 (3). pp. 312-325. ISSN 0888-4080

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Abstract

In this study we assessed the cognitive mechanisms underlying the affective consequences of modifying emotional processing biases. During ?active? training participants selected either threatening or non-threatening meanings of emotionally ambiguous words, in contrast to ?passive? conditions in which participants read unambiguous words with equivalent valenced meanings. Both methods enhanced access to training-congruent primed emotional meanings, as assessed in a lexical decision task, although neither method displayed evidence of an induced interpretive bias as it is usually understood. However, consistent with previous research, the methods differed in their emotional consequences: Active training had greater effects on anxiety while viewing an accident video than did passive exposure. We interpret these results to suggest that both forms of training enhance priming of a valenced category, but only active conditions induce an implicit production rule to generate and/or select emotional meanings, and that it is this latter process that is critical to the modification of emotionality.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Health and Social Care, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2013 12:38
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2022 19:06
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/5647

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