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Effect of spatial and temporal cues on athletic pacing in schoolchildren

Chinnasamy, C and St Clair Gibson, A and Micklewright, D (2013) 'Effect of spatial and temporal cues on athletic pacing in schoolchildren.' Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 45 (2). 395 - 402. ISSN 0195-9131

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Purpose: To compare pacing and performance of schoolchildren between running tasks where the end point was defined in units of either distance or time. Methods: Thirty-eight schoolchildren (age = 12.6 ± 0.5 yr, mass = 46.2 ± 7.5 kg, stature = 150 ± 7 cm) first performed a best-effort 750-m running task on a 150-m running track. The schoolchildren were split into two groups, matched for sex, age, and running performance, before completing the second running trial. One group repeated the 750-m running task (distance-distance group), whereas the other completed a running task to a time that had been matched to their previous 750-m performance (distance-time group). Pace was measured every 10% segment throughout each run. Results: No difference between trials in average running speed was found among the distance-distance group (13.64 ± 1.59 vs 13.68 ± 1.62 km·h, P > 0.05); however, the distance-time group were slower during the time task compared with during the distance task (13.84 ± 1.61 vs 13.37 ± 1.57 km·h, P < 0.005). There was no difference in pacing pattern between trials among the distance-distance group (P > 0.05), but the distance-time group exhibited a slower overall slower pace with no end spurt (P < 0.0001). During the time task, children looked at their watches more frequently the nearer they got to the end point (ρ = 0.933, P < 0.0001). Conclusions: Schoolchildren find it easier to use spatial cues during a pacing task compared with temporal cues. Running pace in all trials followed a classic U-shaped pattern; however, lap-by-lap oscillations in pacing substrategies were also evident, which may be a psychological coping strategy. © 2012 by the American College of Sports Medicine.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2013 17:51
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2019 13:15

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