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Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Limits Foliar Transcriptional Responses to Viral Infection and Favors Long-Term Virus Accumulation

Miozzi, Laura and Catoni, Marco and Fiorilli, Valentina and Mullineaux, Philip M and Accotto, Gian Paolo and Lanfranco, Luisa (2011) 'Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Limits Foliar Transcriptional Responses to Viral Infection and Favors Long-Term Virus Accumulation.' Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions®, 24 (12). pp. 1562-1572. ISSN 0894-0282


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<jats:p> Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) can establish symbiotic interactions with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi, and can be infected by several pathogenic viruses. Here, we investigated the impact of mycorrhization by the fungus Glomus mosseae on the Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) infection of tomato plants by transcriptomic and hormones level analyses. In TSWV-infected mycorrhizal plants, the AM fungus root colonization limited virus-induced changes in gene expression in the aerial parts. The virus-responsive upregulated genes, no longer induced in infected mycorrhizal plants, were mainly involved in defense responses and hormone signaling, while the virus-responsive downregulated genes, no longer repressed in mycorrhizal plants, were involved in primary metabolism. The presence of the AM fungus limits, in a salicylic acid-independent manner, the accumulation of abscissic acid observed in response to viral infection. At the time of the molecular analysis, no differences in virus concentration or symptom severity were detected between mycorrhizal and nonmycorrhizal plants. However, in a longer period, increase in virus titer and delay in the appearance of recovery were observed in mycorrhizal plants, thus indicating that the plant's reaction to TSWV infection is attenuated by mycorrhization. </jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tospovirus; Mycorrhizae; Lycopersicon esculentum; Plant Leaves; Plant Shoots; Plant Roots; Salicylic Acid; Abscisic Acid; Cyclopentanes; Plant Growth Regulators; Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis; Gene Expression Profiling; Biomass; Symbiosis; Signal Transduction; Plant Diseases; Down-Regulation; Gene Expression Regulation, Plant; Up-Regulation; Phenotype; Time Factors; Oxylipins; Glomeromycota; Transcriptome
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2013 11:00
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 11:01

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